The field of technical and vocational education encompasses all levels and forms of education aimed at providing people with knowledge and skills relevant to specific occupations within various sectors of the economy. It is often referred to as vocation education, but there is a greater focus on technical education than just technical skills. In this article we discuss some of the most important benefits of technical and vocational education, as well as a brief history of this field.
In addition to teaching people the latest technologies, TVET also focuses on emerging industries such as petroleum, apparels, food preservation, print and graphics, and mining. In addition to these traditional sectors, technical and vocational education is also expanding to include tourism, the hospitality industry, and the livestock and dairy sector. In short, these programs are helping people build a better future, one that includes a more dynamic economy. The importance of technical and vocational education cannot be overemphasized.
Ghana’s formal TVET system is characterized by low-quality equipment, outdated curricula, and a lack of links to the labour market. In addition, the lack of a direct link between TVET and employment makes it unaffordable for the poorest. Furthermore, the number of female students in technical and vocational education is relatively low. In 2006, the country failed to reach its target of 18 005 students, which is well below the international average of 19%.